The world's first technology to create chicken and duck meat in the laboratory was developed by the American spinoff Memphis Meats. This company is founded by Uma Valeti, a researcher of stem cells.
Memphis Meats is in Berkeley, its history began with the idea of taking care of the environment. Since today's way of producing meat causes problems, which link with the environment, and also causes damаge to animаl health and human health.
Their goal was to create a bioproduct that could feed the world. According to statistics date, world consumers spend about $ 1 trillion on meat in a year, and demand for meat continues growing. It is expected to grow in 2 times in the coming decades. Therefore, Memphis Meats decided to develop a completely new way of producing meat, which bypasses the need to breed and kill real animals. They began to grow meat from animal cells.
As a result, they received, on the one hand, very tasty meat, and on the other - a product that is better suited to the environment, animals and people, and will reduce the amount of greenhouse gаs, land and wаter emissions. Growing chicken and duck meat in laboratory conditions require several processes. First of all, Memphis Meats team put the bird cells in the bioreactor, through which the cells receive oxygen, sugar, minerals and other nutrients. Then begins the process of cell division and growth, which eventually leads to the formation of the meat structure.
At the moment, the main problem of laboratory production is its cost. However, scientists know how to solve this problem. According to the company, they had gotten the price down to below $2500/pound in 2017. Since then, it continues falling significantly. Memphis Meats is not only involved in the production of chicken and duck meat. They also make meatballs in laboratory condition. The cost of a laboratory meatball is $ 18,000 per pound.
According to forecasts for 2011, there will appear more free place on the land due to the cultivation of meat in laboratories. Because places, which currently uses for the production steaks, sausages, and other this kind of products, will be unclaimed. In addition, this will lead to a decrease in water consumption by 90%. The most important thing is that a pound of laboratory meat will produce several times less polluting emissions than that meat, which is produced by poultry, cows, and pigs. However, now the products from the test tube can not appear on the market because of their cost. Despite that, the company is looking for a way to reduce the cost of artificial meat. The Memphis Meats company plans to significantly reduce production costs and launch the product on the market in 2021.
Memphis Meats gained for a total of $22M. The company is promising to arrange a revolution in the meat market, which in the US is estimated at $ 48 billion per year.