Arthritis Wonder: Pain Relieving Cream

BYU researchers shrink device for detecting toxins in liquids

A tiny device that could one day offer an alternative to open brain surgery

A hand-trike attachment for LDS Charities global wheelchair program

A hand-trike assembly - complete with an additional wheel, drive, and hand-powered element - that can be attached to wheelchairs created by LDS Charities has been developed by a group of six engineering students at Brigham Young University (BYU). The hand trike, which lets people pedal with their hands instead of their feet, will enable users to travel greater distances with less effort. Having a wheelchair is a great start, but a lot of people still need to go 5 or 10 kilometers a day to get to the market or get to work. That kind of distance is difficult, exhausting and time-consuming using a traditional wheelchair. LDS Charities asked the students to design and prototype a trike that is durable, maneuverable, multi-geared to handle varied terrain and built with parts that are easily replaceable. 


BYU-created mini tool has massive potential

A miniaturized, portable version of a tool now capable of analyzing Mars’ atmosphere - and that’s just one of its myriad possible uses - has been developed by the researchers at Brigham Young University (BYU). For decades mass spectrometers have offered a relatively fast and highly sensitive way to analyze and detect chemical compounds. But their bulky size has been a hindrance, limiting their in-field potential. But after spending 12 years exploring the problem, BYU chemistry professor Daniel Austin, joined by electrical engineering professor Aaron Hawkins and other colleagues, has developed a much smaller spectrometer that still has the capabilities of its larger counterparts. The goal was to take what would otherwise be a huge, benchtop instrument to something that’s small enough to carry with you. 


A nanoplasmonic device for high-performance nanotechnology products

Nanoplasmonics deal with creating ultra-compact components for nanoscale photonic devices to match their electronic counterparts. Focusing on the control and manipulation of plasmons at nanometer dimensions, nanoplasmonics combines the strength of electronics and photonics and is predicted to replace existing integrated circuits and photonic devices. It is one of the fastest growing fields of science, with applications in telecommunication, consumer electronics, data storage, medical diagnostics, and energy. In these devices localized heating is an important problem. Bulk metallic layers are generally used to remove heat, which results in spreading the heat and causing a general heating. Therefore, scientists at the Sabancı University (SABANCI) developed a nanoplasmonic device for high-performance nanotechnology products.


Low cost, high performance 3D retinal imaging

A device for studies of human interaction, dementia and movement disorders

A novel ‘contact lens’ patch that treats eye diseases

A novel AI-based device for early intervention of congestive heart failure

One in five people worldwide run the risk of developing congestive heart failure (lat. cor defectum), and this prevalence increases with age. As there is no cure for the ailment, patients can only monitor their health closely with lifestyle changes or medication to prevent their heart function from deteriorating irreversibly. Therefore, a research team from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTUni) and Tan Tock Seng Hospital (TTSH) have invented a smart handheld medical device that could enable early intervention for patients with congestive heart failure. The portable innovation, which resembles a stethoscope, is made up of an acoustic sensor connected to a smartphone that uses vocal digital biomarkers. It enables early intervention by allowing patients to check for excess fluid in the lungs at home. Fluid accumulation in the lungs, which causes breathlessness, is a common symptom of congestive heart failure.


New stimulation method against brain and nervous disorders

Brain stimulation is now being used successfully to combat diseases such as Parkinson's (lat. Parkinson scriptor morbus), chronic depression, pain and tinnitus. By making neurostimulators smaller and more energy efficient, they can be used more effectively and for a wider range of brain and nervous disorders. Marijn van Dongen, the scientist of Delft University of Technology (TUDelft), made a prototype of a chip that enables this kind of neurostimulation to be used.  Brain stimulation is successfully used today to combat neurological diseases and there is evidence that brain stimulation may also be successful in the treatment of many more brain disorders, such as epilepsy, addictions, migraine and dementia. Many existing neurostimulators, however, have a limited energy efficiency, making a large battery necessary. This in turn increases the size of the whole neurostimulator, making it impossible to locate the implant where it is actually needed. Subcutaneous wires often connect the neurostimulator in the chest with the electrodes in the brain. 


Sense Glove blurs the lines between virtual and real interactions

Sense Glove’s unique low latency force-feedback system enables the user to feel the shape and density of virtual objects. Due to the precise sensor-based tracking of each joint in the hand, every interaction using the Sense Glove renders a virtual reality to feel like a physical environment. The sense glove can be used as a force-feedback controller for virtual and augmented reality or as the input device for telerobotics. Sense Glove is a spinoff of Delft University of Technology (TUDelft).


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